Around 6.2 million barrels per day (b/d) of crude oil, condensate, and refined petroleum products flowed through the Bab el-Mandeb Strait in 2018, according to data provided by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).
The volume increased from 5.1 million b/d that went through
the strategic route for oil and natural gas shipments toward Europe, the United
States, and Asia in 2014.
Total petroleum flows through the Bab el-Mandeb accounted
for about 9 percent of total seaborne-traded crude oil and refined petroleum
products in 2017. Some 3.6 million b/d moved north toward Europe, while 2.6
million b/d was shipped mainly to Asian markets.
Additionally, EIA noted that the total LNG flows through the
Bab el-Mandeb stood at 1.3 billion cubic feet per day in 2018.
Before 2015, volumes of LNG passing through the strait
matched those passing through the Suez Canal because the Red Sea did not have
any LNG infrastructure. In 2015, both Jordan and Egypt began importing small
volumes of LNG into Red Sea ports, and these countries’ imports of LNG peaked
in 2016 at 1.4 billion cubic feet per day, 80% of which was delivered through
More recently, as new natural gas fields in Egypt have come
online, the need for Egypt to import LNG has decreased. Like flows to Egypt,
total northbound flows of LNG via the Bab el-Mandeb have also decreased since
2016 as northbound flows to other destinations have remained fairly constant.
The Bab el-Mandeb Strait is a sea route chokepoint between
the Horn of Africa and the Middle East, connecting the Red Sea to the Gulf of
Aden and Arabian Sea.
Most exports of petroleum and natural gas from the Persian
Gulf that transit the Suez Canal or the SUMED Pipeline pass through both the
Bab el-Mandeb and the Strait of Hormuz.