A new partnership between the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the World Customs Organization (WCO), the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has been signed to support the increased maritime digitalisation.
When ships enter and leave ports, vital information about
cargoes, dangerous goods, crews, vessel details and many other things have to
be exchanged with the authorities ashore.
Under IMO’s Convention on Facilitation of International
Maritime Traffic (FAL), public authorities are now required to set up systems
so that all this happens digitally.
As explained, the partnership agreement which has been
effective since 15 March paves the way for updating the IMO Reference Data
Model and for its further development towards harmonization of data standards
in other areas, beyond the FAL Convention, such as exchanging operational data
that could help facilitate just-in-time operation of ships.
The just-in-time operation allows ships to optimise their
speed so they arrive at their destination port when their berth is ready for
them, thereby saving energy and cutting costs and emissions.
The parties to this agreement have been already cooperating
to develop the IMO Reference Data Model, which is a key element of the IMO
Compendium on Facilitation and Electronic Business and covers the reporting
requirements defined in the FAL Convention to support transmission, receipt,
and response of information required for the arrival, stay, and departure of
ships, persons, and cargo via electronic data exchange. This work is said to
ensure interoperability between the respective standards of each organisation.