Ports are taking significant strides with digital transformation and starting to declare themselves as “smart”. Processes are digitalized, communities within the port are connected, and impressive gains in operational efficiency, regulatory compliance, and customer satisfaction are emerging.
Smart ports, as important nodes in the global supply chain,
have the opportunity to establish themselves as logistics information exchange
hubs serving their regional transport ecosystem.
As ports digitalize their processes, they also establish a
platform for providing benefits to other participants in the cargo, freight,
and passenger ecosystems. In a society where bandwidth and connectivity are
growing, more data will be generated along with new services and many new
A landscape of new revenue-generating information services
enabling carriers, shippers, and other players to significantly improve their
operational predictability, efficiency, visibility, and capacity utilization is
Ports and supply chains involve thousands of independent
companies and individuals depending on each other’s policies, plans, and
actions to effectively make the right business decisions and run operations.
The smart port uses digital data streams to boost collaboration, align
activities, and make decisions that improve vital processes across their
· smart technologies informing about conditions and the
utilization of physical infrastructures, such as roads, bridges, railroads,
depots, terminals, warehouses. For example, cost-effective sensors are
installed in or along, quay walls, roads, railways, and bridges transmitting
real-time data about operating conditions. This also enables the port to proactively
identify needed maintenance or repairs and thereby avoid unplanned downtime.
cargo handling that
is digitally connected and helping ports to increase their handling capacity
and productivity by ensuring that stacking cranes, straddle carriers, forklifts,
and other equipment are correctly maintained and operate at peak efficiency.
This also includes the automatic identification and detection of containers.
·appointment systems for sea-borne and intermodal traffic
are introduced to enable just-in-time arrivals, as well as trucking carriers
reserving specific times for dropping off or picking up freight.
· the introduction of digital tools for providing
notifications on sea and land borne carrier movements within or closely
associated to the port, via GPS-based traffic monitoring systems and traffic
monitoring sensors along major port roads.
the use of digital technologies in safety and security to
protect port employees, facilities, and assets. This covers entrance
authorization, video surveillance and analytics, behavior analysis, anti-theft
and anti-fraud, and biometric authentication solutions, and sensor-based
systems that help vehicles and cargo-handling equipment to be properly aligned
for safety, physical and cyber security