German shipping major Hapag-Lloyd felt a negative impact of higher bunker prices in the first quarter of this year as it reported lower earnings.
In the first quarter of 2020, Hapag-Lloyd’s bunker costs
increased by $98 to $523 per tonne as a result of the transition to low-sulphur
fuel oil (LSFO). Consequently, the company’s transport expenses rose by almost
10 per cent.
As explained, this had a negative impact on earnings, as did
a devaluation of bunker inventories of around $64 million due to the rapid
decline in crude oil prices that began at the end of the first quarter.
The International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) new rule
mandating lower sulphur emissions from the shipping sector went into effect on
1 January 2020. In order to comply with the new regulation aimed at reducing
marine pollution, shipping companies around the world either switched to LSFO
or installed scrubbers on board their vessels.
The majority of Hapag-Lloyd’s vessels started sailing with
the new low-sulphur fuel oil, resulting in higher fuel prices. In order to cope
with the additional costs projected at around $1 billion per year, the carrier
introduced an IMO 2020 Transition Charge (ITC) in December last year.
Hapag-Lloyd gets 2020 off to a decent start despite COVID-19
For Q1 2020, Hapag-Lloyd recorded earnings before interest
and taxes (EBIT) of $176 million, which is a drop of 67 per cent compared to
the corresponding prior-year figure of $243 million.
The group net result declined by 82 per cent to
approximately $27 million in Q1 2020 from $109 million seen in Q1 2019.
Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and
amortisation (EBITDA) decreased by 38 per cent to $517 million in Q1 2020 from
$556 million posted in the corresponding three-month period a year earlier.
On the other hand, revenues in the first quarter of 2020
increased by around 6 per cent to $3.7 billion from $3.5 billion reported in Q1
2019. This can primarily be attributed to a 4.3 per cent increase in transport
volumes to more than 3 million TEU, and an improved average freight rate of
$1,094 per TEU, according to the company.
“Despite the coronavirus pandemic, we have gotten the year
off to a good start. Higher transport volumes and better freight rates have
boosted our revenues,” Rolf Habben Jansen, Chief Executive Officer of
Hapag-Lloyd AG, commented.
“The financial result is below the first quarter of the
previous year as we faced higher bunker prices after the new IMO 2020 rules on
1 January and we had a significant negative bunker stock valuation after the
decline in crude oil prices at the end of the first quarter,” he added.